The Many Types of CBD
These days, it might seem as though you can’t turn on the television or scroll social media without hearing about the benefits of CBD. One of 113 identified cannabinoids native to the cannabis plant, CBD stands for Cannabidiol. While the name might be hard to pronounce, the benefits are easy to discern. This do-all compound can now be found in every form from tinctures and gummies to lotions and salves. In fact, you might have already tried some of those products yourself! Beyond the basics, did you know that there are a few different types of CBD?
Understanding how each one works and what it includes is essential to making the best choice for your health. Today, we’re taking a closer look at these various types so you can make a more informed purchasing decision.
Understanding the Basics of CBD
As you browse your local (or digital) health and supplement store, you might be surprised at the different options. Before we dive into the labels to know, let’s briefly discuss the general facts around CBD.
In short, this is a type of oil that’s derived directly from the cannabis plant. Over the years, researchers have determined that this compound contains many therapeutic benefits. In fact, it can even help ease the symptoms of chronic and debilitating health conditions ranging from anxiety to cancer.
It works by impacting your endocannabinoid receptor activity and interacting with critical neurotransmitters in your brain. In turn, this reduces inflammation and dulls the pain sensation.
Sounds simple, right? Not quite!
There are a few special features of CBD that make it a little more complex than you might imagine. Let’s take a look.
CBD vs THC
One element that sets CBD apart from other parts of the cannabis plant? It won’t get you high.
Most CBD products contain only trace amounts of tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. This is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana, responsible for the feeling of euphoria that people get when they smoke weed. While CBD can help relieve mental and physical distress, it won’t deliver that soaring sensation, which also means you’re far less likely to experience any negative side effects from it.
Evaluating Your Options
Then, there’s the issue of sheer variety.
Although the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has yet to approve any over-the-counter (OTC) CBD products, you’ll find lots of choices when you’re ready to start browsing. However, keep in mind that not all of these products are created equal.
It’s critical to ensure the quality and authenticity of any CBD products you buy to make sure you’re getting a reliable, pure product that’s safe to consume.
What Are the Three Different Types of CBD?
Now that we’ve covered the basics, let’s dive into the three types of CBD to know.
Before we begin, keep in mind that everyone’s body is unique. You might respond differently to CBD than your neighbor or best friend, and that’s perfectly normal. A dose that your co-worker considers mid-level might be too much for you, or vice versa.
The only way to truly gauge which type works best for you is to try them! As you do, take notes and document any reactions, both positive and negative.
First, let’s talk about CBD isolate.
This type of CBD contains the Cannabidiol compound only. It does not contain any other cannabinoids. Normally, this product is sold as a crystalline solid or a powder.
In essence, the CBD compound is “isolated” and extracted all on its own, which makes it extremely pure.
If you’re especially interested in trying CBD but do not want to ingest any other compound, this can be a great type to try. It’s also excellent for beginners who are new to this realm, as it does not contain any THC and will not deliver mind-altering effects.
To make CBD isolate, manufacturers use a variety of special processes that allow them to extract all other compounds and substances from the cannabis plant. What remains is 100% CBD in a crystal form. Usually, they will then grind this crystal into a powder, making it easier to consume.
Not interested in THC, but don’t mind if your CBD product contains other cannabinoids naturally found in the cannabis plant? If so, then broad-spectrum CBD may fit the bill.
While these CBD products are usually totally devoid of THC, they can contain very small, trace amounts and still be classified as broad-spectrum. Other compounds that are present in more notable amounts usually include:
- Cannabinol (CBN)
Together, these various compounds work within CBD to produce what’s known as the “entourage effect“.
What does this mean?
In addition to interacting with your brain’s receptors, the cannabinoids and terpenoids also work well with one another. When taken in combination, some evidence suggests that they become more potent and deliver a greater range of health benefits.
If you can’t take THC or simply choose not to, then broad-spectrum CBD is a great alternative. This Broad-Spectrum CBD in Olive Oil retains the natural aromas and flavors of the hemp plant for an enjoyable, instantly relaxing experience.
Finally, let’s talk about the richest, most complete form of CBD. Full-spectrum products contain many other cannabinoid compounds from the cannabis plant, including up to 0.3% THC.
This cap is mandated under federal law, which measures THC content in CBD products on a dry-weight basis. While these products do contain small amounts of the psychoactive compound, they’re not usually powerful enough to deliver a high.
The main exceptions? Full-spectrum CBD concentrates, such as tinctures, might contain higher levels of THC due to the manufacturing process. In some cases, this can create a euphoric effect.
Like broad-spectrum CBD, full-spectrum CBD products can also deliver the entourage effect. If you’re looking to get the most benefit from your experience, these two options are poised to deliver. Try this Full-Spectrum CBD in MCT Oil to help with stress, pain, burnout, and inflammation!
Different CBD Extraction Methods
Whether they’re making CBD isolate, broad-spectrum CBD, or full-spectrum CBD, manufacturers can use a variety of extraction methods to extract these compounds from the cannabis plant. Here are the four most common ones.
Carbon Dioxide Extraction
With this method, manufacturers use carbon dioxide gas to separate CBD oil from the cannabis plant. This is a successful, commonly used technique that yields a high concentration of CBD.
Some manufacturers prefer to use chemical solvents to extract CBD. While this can be an effective method, keep in mind that it can lead to health risks if any solvents are left behind in the finished product. Moreover, this method can also negatively impact the extract’s flavor.
Steam Distillation Extraction
This is another natural, effective method that relies on steam to separate the CBD oil from the cannabis plant material. While many manufacturers use this approach to extract essential oils from plants, it’s not quite as successful or effective as carbon dioxide extraction.
As some manufacturers look to discontinue the use of solvents and carbon dioxide, lipid extraction is quickly becoming more popular. With this process, they use a combination of pressure, heat, and time to absorb the compounds from the plant. Then, they encapsulate them into a lipid or fat to preserve them.
Commonly used fats include olive oil, coconut oil, and MCT oil. This technique helps to preserve the integrity and purity of the plant, and doesn’t require the use of toxins.
Taking CBD Oil
Regardless of which form you prefer, there are many different ways to consume CBD. These include:
- Ingestion (edibles, gummies)
- Sublingual (tinctures and oils)
- Inhalation (smoke/vape)
- Topical application (creams, lotions, balms)
To take CBD oil sublingually, you’ll simply use the dropper to release a dose of CBD under your tongue. As soon as you ingest it, the compound is absorbed into your bloodstream. This helps you feel the effects quicker than if you’d consumed an edible, as those have to pass through your digestive system before they can start taking effect.
Which Type of CBD Will You Try First?
Whether you’re new to this space or you’ve been consuming CBD for years, it’s important to pay attention to what’s on the label. These three different types of CBD might look similar in nature, but there are some key differences to note.
To choose the right one for you, think about the qualities you’re looking for and the experience you want to have. While no CBD product will mimic the high of THC, you can find different ones to soothe your pain and treat various health conditions.
The full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD oils linked in this article are all-natural, authentic, and effective. They’re also more accessible and affordable than you might think. When you’re ready to learn more about the incredible power of this cannabinoid, feel free to check out our basic guide to the ABCs of CBD!